The stuff is called Cotton Candy, Fruity Loops and even Gummi Bear.
But this particular stuff is not a pack of bubble gum or bag of fruit chews you might see as you check out at your local convenience store.
It is, in fact, a highly toxic and still-unregulated form of concentrated liquid nicotine for use in vapor devices including so-called e-cigarettes. And it’s hitting the marketplace nationwide in easy-to-open vials and small eye-dropper bottles available for purchase in stores and online.
“There’s enough nicotine in some of these bottles to kill small children, and even if a small amount spilled on a child’s skin it could make them extremely ill,” said U.S. Sen. Bill Nelson, a senior member of the Senate Commerce Committee who’s filing legislation to child-proof the containers.
Ingestion of liquid nicotine can cause vomiting and seizures and even death, a leading pediatricians’ group says. And a recent New York Times report stated that a teaspoon of highly diluted liquid nicotine, whether ingested or absorbed through the skin, could kill a small child.
It’s already contributing to a surge in the number of reports of liquid-nicotine-related child poisonings.
Nationwide, according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers, there have been more than 1,500 calls regarding liquid nicotine exposure so far this year – a pace that will double last year’s total. And the 1,351 cases reported last year represented a 300 percent increase from 2012.
In response, a group of lawmakers Thursday filed legislation aimed at child-proofing the small bottles. The legislation is a simple but significant step toward assuring children’s and product safety, the lawmakers said.
Specifically, the Child Nicotine Poisoning Prevention Act of 2014 would direct the Consumer Product Safety Commission to issue rules requiring safer, child-resistant packaging for any liquid nicotine sold to consumers. The bill already has drawn a number of cosponsors and here’s what some of them said:
“We require child-proof packaging for items like Tylenol, Drano, and mouthwash, but not liquid nicotine,” said Sen. Mark Pryor, a former state attorney general. “I have been working with industry on solutions, and was hopeful they would step up on their own. However, we are seeing more and more children poisoned and even sent to the emergency room as a result of liquid nicotine. We can’t afford to keep waiting. Requiring child-proof packaging for these products is a common-sense solution to keep our kids safe.”
Said Sen. Dick Durbin, who is the number-two ranking Democrat in the U.S. Senate, “There is a word for the toxic candy-flavored liquids found in electronic cigarettes: poison. Protecting our nation’s children from exposure to poison is basic common sense, especially when it can have dangerous and fatal consequences like liquid nicotine.”
Added Sen. Tom Harkin, chairman of HELP, or the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee, “A recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed a recent, alarming spike in e-cigarette poisonings – more than half of which affected young children. This comes as no surprise given the growing popularity of e-cigarettes and candy- and fruit-flavored liquid nicotine that is enticing to children. We have child-proof containers on everything from vitamins to ibuprofen, so it’s just plain common sense that we place child-proof mechanisms on highly-toxic and poisonous liquid nicotine. Robust FDA regulation of e-cigarettes is absolutely essential to protect our children from these products. In the meantime, however, this simple step would give peace of mind to parents and help protect our children from accidental ingestion or a fatal poisoning.”
And Sen. Barbara Boxer, chairman of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, said, “Our important child-proofing bill deals with the alarming increase in poisonings involving e-cigarette liquids, since children are drawn to brightly colored packaging and flavorings that smell like candy.”
The bill’s other initial co-sponsors are: Sens. Richard Blumenthal, Sherrod Brown, Edward Markey, Jeff Merkley, Charles Schumer and Michael Bennet.
“For any parent, the process of child-proofing your home to make sure your kids don’t get into anything that can harm them can be a big project,” said Bennet, who is a member of the HELP Committee. “Thankfully, many household products are manufactured with child-resistant packaging to help make things a little easier.
“With the popularity of e-cigarettes on the rise, this commonsense bill will ensure that liquid nicotine is among the products sold with child-resistant packaging to keep our kids safe,” he said.
Besides the lawmakers, others, including the president of the American Academy of Pediatrics, are advocating for quick passage of the legislation.
“Liquid nicotine containers are not required to have the same child-proof packaging standards that pediatricians and parents depend on to keep children safe from products like household cleaners and prescription drugs,” said Dr. James M. Perrin, head of the pediatrics group.
“We cannot afford to wait any longer to protect children from potentially deadly nicotine ingestions,” Perrin said.
Via the U.S. Senate.
Following is a text of the legislation:
To require the Consumer Product Safety Commission to promulgate a rule
to require child safety packaging for liquid nicotine containers, and
for other purposes.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
Mr. NELSON (for himself, Mr. BLUMENTHAL, Mrs. BOXER, Mr. BROWN, Mr.
DURBIN, Mr. HARKIN, Mr. MARKEY, Mr. MERKLEY, Mr. PRYOR, and Mr.
SCHUMER) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred
to the Committee on __________________
To require the Consumer Product Safety Commission to
promulgate a rule to require child safety packaging for
liquid nicotine containers, and for other purposes.
1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa
2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
4 This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Child Nicotine Poi
5 soning Prevention Act of 2014’’.
6 SEC. 2. CHILD SAFETY PACKAGING FOR LIQUID NICOTINE
8 (a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section:
1 (1) COMMISSION.—The term ‘‘Commission’’
2 means the Consumer Product Safety Commission.
3 (2) LIQUID NICOTINE CONTAINER.—The term
4 ‘‘liquid nicotine container’’ means a consumer prod
5 uct, as defined in section 3(a)(5) of the Consumer
6 Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2052(a)(5)) notwith
7 standing subparagraph(B) of such section, that con
8 sists of a container that—
9 (A) has an opening that is accessible
10 through normal and reasonably foreseeable use
11 by a consumer; and
12 (B) is used to hold liquid containing nico
13 tine in any concentration.
14 (3) NICOTINE.—The term ‘‘nicotine’’ means
15 any form of the chemical nicotine, including any salt
16 or complex, regardless of whether the chemical is
17 naturally or synthetically derived.
18 (4) SPECIAL PACKAGING.—The term ‘‘special
19 packaging’’ has the meaning given such term in sec
20 tion 2 of the Poison Prevention Packaging Act of
21 1970 (15 U.S.C. 1471).
22 (b) REQUIRED USE OF SPECIAL PACKAGING FOR
23 LIQUID NICOTINE CONTAINERS.—
24 (1) RULEMAKING.—
1 (A) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding sec
2 tion 3(a)(5)(B) of the Consumer Product Safe
3 ty Act (15 U.S.C. 2052(a)(5)(B)) or section
4 2(f)(2) of the Federal Hazardous Substances
5 Act (15 U.S.C. 1261(f)(2)), not later than 1
6 year after the date of the enactment of this Act,
7 the Commission shall promulgate a rule require
8 ing special packaging for liquid nicotine con
10 (B) AMENDMENTS.—The Commission may
11 promulgate such amendments to the rule pro
12 mulgated under subparagraph (A) as the Com
13 mission considers appropriate.
14 (2) EXPEDITED PROCESS.—The Commission
15 shall promulgate the rules under paragraph (1) in
16 accordance with section 553 of title 5, United States
18 (3) INAPPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN RULEMAKING
19 REQUIREMENTS.—The following provisions shall not
20 apply to a rulemaking under paragraph (1):
21 (A) Sections 7 and 9 of the Consumer
22 Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2056 and
24 (B) Section 3 of the Federal Hazardous
25 Substances Act (15 U.S.C. 1262).
1 (C) Subsections (b) and (c) of section 3 of
2 the Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970
3 (15 U.S.C. 1472).
4 (4) SAVINGS CLAUSE.—Nothing in this section
5 shall be construed to limit or diminish the authority
6 of the Food and Drug Administration to regulate
7 the manufacture, marketing, sale, or distribution of
8 liquid nicotine, liquid nicotine containers, electronic
9 cigarettes, or similar products that contain or dis-
10 pense liquid nicotine.