St. Johns and Martin County are Florida’s healthiest counties, and Putnam, Union and Hamilton the least, based on a report just released by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute.
The 2013 County Health Rankings grade each Florida county on a variety of health and environmental factors including mortality and morbidity data, health behaviors, clinical care, social and economic factors, and data on the physical environment.
Health behaviors include tobacco use, alcohol use, sexual activity, and diet and exercise; and clinical care data are based on access to care and the quality of care. Social and economic factors include education, employment, income, family and social support, and community safety; and the physical environment is graded based on environmental quality and built environment.
The resulting map shows clusters of high ranking counties bordered by some of the lowest ranking ones — a patchwork that looks to correlate at least somewhat with population density.
In terms of mortality and morbidity, the top 10 counties are St. Johns, Martin, Collier, Seminole, Sarasota, Miami-Dade, Clay, Leon and Broward. The bottom 10 are Levy, Columbia, Dixie, Bradford, Taylor, Baker, Gadsden, Hamilton, Washington, Putnam and Union.
For health factor grading, the top 10 counties are St. Johns, Martin, Sarasota, Alachua, Seminole, Palm Beach, Okaloosa, Broward, Monroe and Collier. Once again, rural areas of Hardee, Taylor, Glades, DeSoto, Madison, Gadsden, Hendry, Dixie, Okeechobee, Putnam and Hamilton ring in at the bottom.
Hillsborough ranks in around the middle at 31st for health outcomes, and 22nd for health factors. Pinellas: 38th for health outcomes, and 17th for health factors.