Members of a Florida bond-financing board Wednesday night unanimously gave permission for a private company to issue $1.75 billion in tax-exempt bonds to build a passenger rail from Miami to Orlando.
The Florida Development Finance Board granted All Aboard Florida permission to issue the bonds after listening to testimony and deliberating for almost eight hours during a meeting in Orlando.
The approval was an important hurdle All Aboard Florida needed to clear to build the $2.25 billion project, but it faced vocal opposition from residents and elected leaders in the Treasure Coast counties of Indian River, Martin and St. Lucie. They complained it would create noise and safety problems and hurt the marine industry because railroad bridges would be down and the movement of boats from lagoons to the ocean would be restricted.
Opponents promised to fight All Aboard Florida as it seeks environmental permits from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Florida water regulators, said Dylan Reingold, Indian River County’s attorney.
“Today was no surprise,” Reingold said. “The real fight is environmental permits. We’re going to continue this fight.”
Board members said they believed there was a positive economic impact from building the passenger rail. Chairman Frank White urged All Aboard Florida to take act “in good faith” with Treasure Coast residents who fear the effects of the project.
“It’s controversial, and I do not take that lightly,” board member Daniel Davis said. “I’m convinced there is an economic impact and it’s positive for the state of Florida.”
Hours before the vote, All Aboard Florida President Michael Reininger told board members that the project would create $6.4 billion in economic activity over eight years and remove millions of car trips from Florida’s roads.
A little under half of the projected passengers would travel just in South Florida, from Miami to West Palm Beach. More than half of the projected passengers would travel from Miami to Orlando, Reininger said.
He also said more than 40 percent of passengers would be leisure travelers and less than a third would be business travelers.
“No state or county entity will have any exposure as a result,” Reininger said of the bond issuance. “Characterizing this as a subsidy is misleading.”
Local officials from Treasure Coast counties disagreed.
Treasure Coast counties would be on the hook for hundreds of thousands of dollars each year to maintain and improve rail crossings, Reingold said.
“Please do not rely on the self-serving statements by All Aboard Florida,” Reingold said. “It will have a significant impact on the taxpayers of this state.”
Opponents asked board members to postpone a vote and accused them of already making up their minds since they had communicated privately with company officials.
“The only financially responsible decision is to deny All Aboard Florida the right to issue these bonds,” said opponent Robert Crandall, a former CEO of American Airlines.
The bonds would be unrated and primarily marketed to institutional investors and accredited buyers, according to All Aboard Florida.
Ben Watkins, director of the state’s Division of Bond Finance, said that if All Aboard Florida defaulted on its bonds he would not be surprised if someone tried to get the state to cover the debts. But Watkins said that Florida will not be required to pay off the bonds.
“The state is insulated,” Watkins said.
Florida Gov. Rick Scott, who has made it a top priority to scale back the amount of state-backed debt, would not say whether or not he believed the state-created authority should issue the bonds for All Aboard Florida. But he insisted it would not affect taxpayers.
“The state’s not on the hook for that debt, it’s a private company,” Scott said.
Two members of Congress, U.S. Reps. Corrine Brown and Alan Grayson, spoke in favor of the rail project. Several state lawmakers from Indian River, Martin and St. Lucie counties spoke against the project.
Hundreds of supporters and opponents packed an Orlando hotel ballroom for the meeting. Melissa Ross said she was on one of two buses All Aboard Florida chartered to bring supporters from the Miami neighborhood, Overtown, to the meeting.
Separately, the Federal Railroad Administration on Tuesday issued a report stating the rail project wouldn’t have any noticeable environmental impact and would even improve air quality and transportation in the area.