The state’s Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (DHSMV) will ask lawmakers next session to consider legislation to “allow law enforcement to use drones for traffic crash management.”
But the law in question, the Freedom from Unwarranted Surveillance Act, includes an exception for “aerial mapping” as long as the drone is being operated safely.
The proposed bill is part of a “legislative concepts” package Executive Director Terry Rhodes plans to present at next Tuesday’s Florida Cabinet meeting.
The measure was mentioned during Wednesday’s Cabinet aides pre-meeting. The department reports to Gov. Rick Scott and the Cabinet: Chief Financial Officer Jeff Atwater, Attorney General Pam Bondi, and Agriculture Commissioner Adam Putnam.
The document explains that state law now prohibits law enforcement agencies from using drones “for surveillance and evidence gathering.”
Lawmakers in Florida and across the country have been passing laws related to drone aircraft in recent years. In Florida, the concerns have been mostly about invasions of privacy.
But the Florida Highway Patrol, which falls under the DHSMV, wants to use the remote-controlled flying machines “for complex traffic crash scenes where aerial photos and scene mapping can aid in clearing roads.”
Most commonly, drones are small helicopter-type craft used by hobbyists and others, and often equipped with cameras.
In 2013, Florida first enacted a measure limiting law enforcement from using drones to gather evidence in criminal cases. Two years later, the law was amended to prohibit using drones to photograph private property without the owner’s consent.
The law, however, says it “does not prohibit the use of a drone … for aerial mapping, if the person or entity using a drone for this purpose is operating in compliance with Federal Aviation Administration regulations.”
A request for comment was left Wednesday for a DHSMV spokeswoman.
A recent USF-Nielsen Sunshine State Survey found 30 percent of Floridians said the state was doing a “fair” job regulating drones; 24 percent gave Florida “poor” marks.
The survey found 22 percent thought the state’s regulation of drone use was either “good” or “excellent.” Nearly a quarter of respondents didn’t give an opinion.
Thursday update: DHSMV Beth Frady sent this statement:
“The state law, which prohibits the use of drones or unmanned aerial vehicles by law enforcement for surveillance and evidence gathering, is more restrictive than Federal law and controls how agencies can operate. This means FHP is currently unable to collect aerial photos or aerial scene maps from traffic crashes, which can aid in clearing Florida’s roads more expeditiously. The legislative concept you inquired about could create a pilot program with specific criteria and measures that could be reported to the Legislature to determine the recommendations of the program. The pilot seeks to allow law enforcement the ability to use drones for traffic crash management and clearance in hopes of partnering with the FDOT traffic management operations.”